Over the last two years we have seen innumerable delays in the implementation of the CFATS programs. As I have mentioned on many occasions, this is a complex program being stood up on the fly and it goes without saying that there have been a number of under-estimations of the problems with that are associated with getting this complex program up and running.
The latest delay that we have heard about was caused by not enough information provided in the SSP submissions. It seems that just answering the questions is not enough. Now DHS wants submitters to check the ‘Other’ box where available and provide additional information via the explanatory text box or submitting separate documents. The questions did always seem to be just a little too simple; a whole bunch of them to be sure; but not very complex.
The original idea was to have the computer answers scored by an evaluation program and then to have the data reviewed by subject matter experts to fine tune the results. According to information that I have just received that doesn’t seem to have worked out too well. There just isn’t enough differentiation available in the responses to the questions. And the added information is not in a machine reviewable format. Thus, DHS is having to rely much more on the subject matter expert review process.
Unfortunately, there is a sad lack of subject matter expertise in ISCD; it is after all a small organization that has been stood up with little thought about backing up the computer scoring system with chemical facility expertise. The way I understand it, there are three chemical engineers and one mechanical engineer with one cyber security guy to take care of the information and control systems evaluations.
Now, I want you to think about the very extensive questionnaire that is an SSP submission. Add to that the supplementary information and additional documents that ISCD is now requesting from the Tier 1 facilities (and will be requesting from all the remainder of the facilities). Think about how long it will take those five individuals to review almost 5,000 SSP submissions. A recent meeting of chemical inspectors from the Southeast Region was told that those five people would take 30 years to review the SSPs. I’ve heard a more reasonable 15 years from another source, though not too many people would think that 15 years would be a reasonable time to get the initial SSP submissions reviewed.
Now the folks in charge if NPPD and ISCD are not idiots; they know the current situation is untenable. This is why last summer some time they put out a request for bids for contractors to take over the SME review process. This is why early last fall there were number of the standard belt-way bandit organizations advertising for people with chemical facility security expertise. Review the job descriptions in those ads and it is clear what they would be working on. The contract was just about to be issued last December when it was withdrawn at the last minute.
None of my sources has been able to tell me why, but I can guess. Anyone that has been paying attention has heard Congress jumping all over DHS about the large number of contractors that the Department has been using for any number of jobs that they don’t have the head count or expertise to perform. Whether or not all of these contractors are necessary is a discussion for a venue other than this. What is certain, however, is that ISCD cannot do these SSP reviews without outside assistance.
Once again this is a problem of underestimating the scope of the CFATS process and politics interfering with the career folks inside DHS. This may be why Under Secretary Rand Beers did not have a career professional sitting at the table next to him at the recent House Subcommittee hearing. He’s far enough removed from the problems at ISCD to not be questioned too closely about the reasons for the delays. His answers were correct as far as they went; the questions were just not deep enough.
Perhaps when the Senate Homeland Security Committee invites a DHS representative to update them on the status of CFATS they’ll invite someone with a little bit more knowledge of the details of the program. The new director (or is it acting director, it is so hard keeping track) of ISCD, Rick Driggers, was there in Orlando, FL last week when the Chemical Facility Security Inspectors were briefed on the current state of the problem; he should be able to explain to Sen. Lieberman and Sen. Collins what is really delaying the CFATS implementation process.
Or perhaps Chairman King wants to hold a full committee hearing to ask some real oversight questions instead of having people feed straight lines to opponents of IST.