Yesterday the OMB’s Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) announced that it had approved the Department of Commerce’s new rule on Implementation of the Understandings Reached at the 2013 Australia Group (AG) Plenary Meeting and the December 2012 AG Intersessional Decisions. No details on this rule are currently available as the rulemaking was not listed in the most recent Unified Agenda.
The Australia Group is an informal forum of countries which, through the harmonization of export controls, seeks to ensure that exports do not contribute to the development of chemical or biological weapons. Press releases are available about the mentioned 2013 and 2012 meetings.
The best I can figure is that this reported final rule implements the export control guidelines mentioned here. I would have thought that this would be at least a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) but the OIRA site states that it is a final rule.